Download e-book for kindle: A Hidden Workforce: Homeworkers in England, 1850–1985 by Shelley Pennington

By Shelley Pennington

ISBN-10: 0333432975

ISBN-13: 9780333432976

ISBN-10: 1349198544

ISBN-13: 9781349198542

Homeworkers are typically ladies who paintings of their personal houses for an out of doors supplier and are paid on a one-piece foundation. The paintings is generally unskilled and of an uneventful and repetitive nature. the commercial prestige of the homeworker has little or not anything in universal with the self reliant craftsman operating in his own residence prior to the onset of industrialization; homeworkers paintings with out supervision and feature no actual touch with their employers or sub-contractors other than while amassing or returning paintings. This quantity is an research of the commercial and social place of the predominantly woman labour strength of the homework industries from 1850 to 1985. The textual content examines adjustments that experience happened within the composition of the labour strength, the choices open to ladies and the categories and geographical position of homework. The authors severely overview makes an attempt to enhance the location of homeworkers and touch upon the clients for homeworking sooner or later.

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Extra info for A Hidden Workforce: Homeworkers in England, 1850–1985

Sample text

She had 11 in 12 years, she had, she was having babies every year ... My husband didn't earn a lot when we got married. I used to have £2 a week housekeeping but with my thirty bob what I could earn it helped, didn't it? That helped me buy little extras for my children that I wouldn't've been able to have given if I hadn't work, see? Yes, 'course there was no allowance for children, if you had children well that was up to you to keep 'em, which I done'. The last extract illustrates the changes in two generations.

The productivity of labour could be increased through the process known as 'sweating' as it was in the London clothing trades. For example, tailoring developed in marked contrast to the textile industries, where the machinery of factory industry had restructured the industries to suit a developing capitalist economy. However, in tailoring, before the development of the sewing machine, the growth of piece-work and sweated outwork had the same effect- the displacement of skilled (usually male) workers who made whole garments by cheap, unorganised (usually female) workers, making only parts of garments.

I thought I was doing her a good turn, well I was really. Homeworkers: work and family life 27 The children used to fetch and carry the tailoring for their mothers especially in rural areas: Mr Jones, the carrier's cart used to bring it out and sometimes we had to walk to town with a bundle of coats done if mother wanted the money. We used to go and take the coats and walk to Colchester with them ... Yes it was an awful long way, wasn't it? Did you children use to help her in other ways? We used to press the seams and the sleeves .

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A Hidden Workforce: Homeworkers in England, 1850–1985 by Shelley Pennington

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