By Steven Runciman
Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A heritage of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English ancient writing, is now being reissued. This quantity describes the Frankish states of Outremer from the accession of King Baldwin I to the re-conquest of Jerusalem by means of Saladin. As Runciman says in his preface, 'The politics of the Moslem international within the early twelfth-century defy effortless research, yet they need to be understood if we're to appreciate the institution of the Crusader states and the later reasons of the restoration of Islam ... the most topic during this quantity is battle ... i've got the instance of the outdated chroniclers, who knew their enterprise; for struggle used to be the history to lifestyles in Outremer and the risks of the battlefield usually made up our minds its destiny.'
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Additional resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Frankish East, 1100-1187
237; Leib, Rome, Kiev et Byzance, pp. 273-4; Norden, Das Papsttum und Byzanz, p. 70). But the Bishop of Barcelona at this time was Bercngar II, an aged man who never left his diocese (Baudrillart, Dictionnaire d' Histoire et de Geographic Ecclesiastique, article 'Barcelone'). It is more probable that the Bishop was an Italian, but it is impossible to identify his see. His complaint was probably made at the Synod which Paschal II is known at have held at Benevento in II02 (Armales Beneventani, ad ann.
Meanwhile, as Tancred could not rule Edessa satisfactorily from Antioch, he appointed his cousin and brother-in-law, Richard of Salerno, as his deputy across the Euphrates. 1 Bohemond reached his own lands in Apulia early in the new year. He remained there till the following September, seeing to his personal affairs, which needed his supervision after his nine years' absence, and organizing parties of Normans to join their fellows in the East. Then he went to Rome, where he saw Pope 1 Anna Comncna, XI, xii, 1-3, vol.
Hot from their triumph over the Lombards they hurried southward, probably through Caesarea-Mazacha and Nigde, and reached Heraclea before him. The Nivernais troops marched slowly eastward from Konya. Food was short; the wells by the road had been blocked by the Turks. As they approached Heraclea, weary and weakened, they were ambushed and surrounded by the whole Turkish army, which outnumbered them by far. Mter a short battle their resistance was broken. saurian Seleucia. There the Byzantine governor seems to have offered them an escort of twelve Petcheneg mercenaries to convey them to the Syrian border.
A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Frankish East, 1100-1187 by Steven Runciman