Download e-book for kindle: A History of the Modern Middle East (5th Edition) by William L. Cleveland, Martin Bunton

By William L. Cleveland, Martin Bunton

ISBN-10: 0813348331

ISBN-13: 9780813348339

This entire paintings offers a penetrating research of recent center jap historical past, from the Ottoman and Egyptian reforms, throughout the problem of Western imperialism, to the influence of US foreign regulations. After introducing the reader to the region’s background from the origins of Islam within the 7th century, A historical past of the trendy heart East specializes in the prior centuries of profound and infrequently dramatic switch. even though equipped round a framework of political background, the publication additionally rigorously integrates social, cultural, and fiscal advancements right into a unmarried, expertly crafted account. In updating this 5th variation of the past due William Cleveland’s renowned introductory textual content, Martin Bunton offers a radical account of the foremost transformative advancements during the last 4 years, together with a brand new bankruptcy at the tumultuous Arab uprisings and the participation of Islamist events in a brand new political order within the center East.

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Extra resources for A History of the Modern Middle East (5th Edition)

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Bush’s first Defense Secretary, Donald Rumsfeld, and his Vice-President, Dick Cheney, had brought young neocons on to their staffs when they held senior positions in previous Republican administrations. But under Clinton’s presidency, the neocons remained mostly on the margins of power, using those fallow years cooped up in their think-tanks to begin reimagining an imperial role for the US in the post-Soviet era. The Middle East, with its huge oil wealth, was at the heart of their designs, and Israel – as Washington’s closest ally in the region – was, in their view, the key to American success.

It was all about finding a way to do it. That was the tone of it. 101 According to the investigations of an American journalist, Greg Palast, the oil industry was also deeply involved in plotting Saddam’s overthrow. Palast reports that three weeks after Bush’s election, a confidential meeting took place at Walnut Creek, near San Francisco, at the instigation of the State Department and to which the oil industry was invited. Under discussion was a plan for a rapid invasion of Iraq to topple Saddam Hussein.

Within six weeks, a ferocious US air campaign and a coalition force of half a million troops had brought Iraq to its knees, killing some 100,000 Iraqi soldiers, many of them Kurdish and Shia conscripts whose fate Saddam was doubtless none too concerned by. 64 In contrast to the invasion of Iraq to effect regime overthrow that his son, President George W. Bush, would launch twelve years later, Bush Snr pulled back from invading Baghdad and toppling Saddam. The White House even abandoned the Kurds and Shia when they followed Bush’s advice and mounted insurrections against Saddam to remove him from power.

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A History of the Modern Middle East (5th Edition) by William L. Cleveland, Martin Bunton

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