Read e-book online A Middle Class Without Democracy: Economic Growth and the PDF

By Jie Chen

ISBN-10: 0199841632

ISBN-13: 9780199841639

What sort of function can the center type play in capability democratization in such an undemocratic, overdue constructing state as China? to reply to this profound political in addition to theoretical query, Jie Chen explores attitudinal and behavioral orientation of China's new center category to democracy and democratization. Chen's paintings is predicated on a special set of information accumulated from a probability-sample survey and in-depth interviews of citizens in 3 significant chinese language towns, Beijing, Chengdu and Xi'an--each of which represents a different point of financial improvement in city China-in 2007 and 2008. The empirical findings derived from this information set verify that (1) in comparison to different social sessions, really decrease periods, the hot chinese language heart class-especially these hired within the nation apparatus-tends to be extra supportive of the present Party-state yet much less supportive of democratic values and associations; (2) the recent center class's attitudes towards democracy could be accounted for through this class's shut ideational and institutional ties with the kingdom, and its perceived socioeconomic health, between different components; (3) the inability of aid for democracy one of the heart type has a tendency to reason this social type to behave in prefer of the present nation yet towards democratic alterations.

an important political implication is that whereas China's center category isn't more likely to function the harbinger of democracy now, its present attitudes towards democracy might switch sooner or later. this type of an important shift within the heart class's orientation towards democracy can occur, in particular while its dependence at the Party-state decreases and conception of its personal social and fiscal statuses turns pessimistic. the major theoretical implication from the findings means that the attitudinal and behavioral orientations of the center class-as an entire and as a part-toward democratic switch in past due constructing international locations are contingent upon its dating with the incumbent kingdom and its perceived social/economic well being, and the center class's help for democracy in those nations is way from inevitable.

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Extra info for A Middle Class Without Democracy: Economic Growth and the Prospects for Democratization in China

Sample text

The periphery of the government system includes disadvantaged public organizations and enterprises owned by the central government or local governments (guoyou qiye). The periphery of the political system has little redistributive power, enjoys only a small portion of redistributive benefits, and has had to extract resources from their market activities. Most collective enterprises (jiti qiye), private enterprises, foreign-related enterprises, self-employed businesses, and peasants are positioned outside of the political system and thus enjoy few redistributive benefits.

Thus, the more than half a century of totalitarian and authoritarian rule under the Chinese Communist Party has also reinforced such a strong role and the dominance of the state in Chinese society. INTRODUCTION 17 C. The Role of the State in Creating and Shaping Social Classes Some analysts of social classes in developing countries argue that through its active and effective interventions in various areas of economic and political life, the state in a developing country also plays a decisive role in creating social classes, such as the new entrepreneurs and the new middle classes, and hence in shaping their socioeconomic and political traits (Pearson 1997; Bell 1998; Jones 1998; Shin 1999; Bellin 2000, 2002; Chibber 2003; Dickson 2003, 2008; Tsai 2005, 2006; Zhou 2004).

This process yielded a total of 3,600 households in three cities. At the final stage, one individual was chosen randomly from each of the 3,600 households as the interviewee. The adjusted response rate of this survey was 88% (3,166 out of 3,600 sampled respondents actually completed our questionnaire). About INTRODUCTION 23 23% (739) of the respondents (3,166) who participated in the survey were identified as the middle class according to the criteria explained in chapter 2. The set of in-depth interviews was conducted with 223 residents in the three aforementioned cities in March and April 2008 (see Appendix).

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A Middle Class Without Democracy: Economic Growth and the Prospects for Democratization in China by Jie Chen


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