By Sigurdur Hafthorsson
The research is a radical exam of either textual and archaeological resources for the background of the dominion of Aram-Damascus.
This state used to be an Aramean nation concentrated round Damascus in Syria from ca. 1100 to 732 B.C. The textual resources for the learn are inscriptions in Aramaic, Neo-Assyrian inscriptions, and the previous testomony. In prior stories, archaeology has been little utilized in tracing this state. This research provides an summary of excavations and surveys within the sector round Damascus and the Golan.
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Extra resources for A Passing Power: An Examination of the Sources for the History of Aram-Damascus in the Second Half of the Ninth Century B.C
He describes how a number of kings stormed his city of Hazrak, 283 and how his god, Be'elshamayan promises delivery. The latter part describes Zakkur's building projects in Hazrak and ends with curses on those who would remove the stele from its place. Of special interest for us is that the leader of the alliance of kings that lay siege on Hazrak is BarHadad, son ofHazael, king of Aram. The actual lines (4-5) read: 284 . [ ... ]w • m~ . l'm • 7~m . 7 . ~j . Zll7 • 285 1m:11 [ ... ] ... and Bar-Hadad, son of Hazael, united against me [...
310 In fact, it is probable that every Aramaic speaking person could use this term for anyone in a higher position. Therefore, the fact that Hazael is called l'iilj is no proof of him having had vassals. The problem with the Old 306 Dion 1997 238 See above 'wher~ I discuss the ivory plaque from Arslan Tail. Jarlya inscription. Cf. DNWSI, 682-689. 309 Heltzer 1983, 9-13. Heltzer only had a gypsum-cast, the original of which was lost. 31 CAD B, 193-198 (under belu); DNWSI, 682-689. 307 ° 70 71 A PASSING POWER CHAPTER THREE: ARAMAIC TEXTS Aramaic examples is that we only have a handful of texts, all of which are royal inscriptions, but texts of administrative and private nature are lacking.
J. I find cumqi (= Unqi/Pattin) to be the more probable candidate because it is well attested in this period, while evidence for associations with the Biqac is much earlier. jlJ is not clear from the syntax of the text. jlJ, this fits well with his status as a "son of a nobody," 210 and there are two similar cases, one from 209 210 Lipinski 2000, 389 (in 1994, 92, he preferred the Euphrates). Dion 1997, 202. 40, see below, on pp. 109ff. The Tel Dan Stele In 1993 and 1995 Avraham Biran and Joseph Naveh published three fragments of what they assumed to be the same stele at Tall al-Qa<;li 213 (Tel Dan, MR 211 295).
A Passing Power: An Examination of the Sources for the History of Aram-Damascus in the Second Half of the Ninth Century B.C by Sigurdur Hafthorsson