By Jennifer Clapp (auth.)
With the adoption of a global Bank-sponsored structural adjustment programme within the mid-1980s, Guinea underwent a dramatic swap in its fiscal and agricultural guidelines. The country's adventure during the last decade illustrates probably the most urgent difficulties encountered through African nations pursuing financial reform. This publication analyses those problems by way of interpreting the adjustment event in Guinea because it affected the country's total political economic climate and the rural zone specifically. It additionally areas this situation in the broader context of African adjustment.
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Extra info for Adjustment and Agriculture in Africa: Farmers, the State and the World Bank in Guinea
Rathe r than as a gene ral negative influe nce on all countries. It main tained t hat the key facto r was not t he exte rnal environ ment , but rather t he internal. dome stic poliey environme nt. T he Domestic Polilica l and Instituti onal Context In addition 10 initia lly dow n-playing t he importance of th e exte mal co ntext, t he Berg Report had virtua lly ignore d the role o f the state and th e impo rtance of domestic politics in po liey refor m . Alth ou gh it d id mention th at pol itical facto rs after Independence had led to a focu s on short-term po litical objec tives by leaders, the repor t did not address t he political implications of ca rrying out the st ra tegy it had recommended .
Many at this time were optimistic about new green revolution technologies which had the potential to increase rapidly the production of large and small farmers alike and could directly alleviate rural poverty. Rural-based area development projects to implement this technology were the main thrust of World Bank agricultural lending to African countries in the 1970s. These projects concentrated on a specific geographical area and provided all of the necessary services to increase agricultural production in an integrated fashion.
Recommended were higher producer prices and less taxation via state agricultural marketing. I? If these reforms were undertaken, according to the report, dramatic recovery would take place within in three to five years. A plan for longer-run transformation of Africa's agricultural sector was not outlined in the Berg Report. This is because economists at the Bank who designed this strategy were confident that these short-term measures would bring significant results. Out of this analysis the Bank recommended that African governments undertake policy reform and predicted a rapid economic turnaround.
Adjustment and Agriculture in Africa: Farmers, the State and the World Bank in Guinea by Jennifer Clapp (auth.)