By James M. Powell
James M. Powell the following deals a brand new interpretation of the 5th Crusade's old and social effect, and a richly worthwhile view of existence within the 13th century. Powell addresses such questions because the measure of well known curiosity within the crusades, the spiritual weather of the interval, the social constitution of the club of the campaign, and the consequences of the recruitment attempt at the end result.
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Additional resources for Anatomy of a Crusade, 1213-1221
Robert Courcpn's work was preparatory to the Fourth Lateran Council. It involved the reform of the church, the establishment of peace, and the promotion of the crusade. These three areas were, in fact, closely related to one another. Both the reform of the church and the papal pacification program were of vital importance to the ultimate success of the crusade: the first by preparing the Christian community to be a worthy receptacle of divine favor, and the second by removing a serious impediment to the recruitment of crusaders.
He was strongly influenced by the ideas of St. Bernard of Clairvaux, who had emphasized the role of the crusade in the salvation of the individual seeking communion with the sufferings of Christ. As Bernard had stressed the militia Christi, exemplified in the military orders, as a service to Christ akin to that of the monastic vocation, Innocent invoked the image of feudal service. The crusaders were vassals fulfilling the obligation to Christ their king, who had been ejected from his kingdom. 9 This conception of the vocation of the crusader confirmed the religious character of his service, which Bernard had already seen in the case of the military orders.
267). The recent study by Wilhelm Imkamp, Das Kirchenbild Innocenz' III, begins to remedy the neglect of Innocent as theologian. " 4. See Delaruelle, L'idee de croisade, 158-62; Roscher, Innocenz III, 268-70; Foreville, Latran, 228-30. 5. PL, 216:823-25; Roscher, Innocenz III, 142. 6. Kw^70#»,209-10. 7. PL, 216:824. 8. , 817-23. 9. Roscher, Innocenz III, 143. 10. PL, 216:818. Migne has a misprint. The text should read Gregorii at this point. See RV 8, 140v, 23. 11. Manrique, Cisterciencium, 3:222-23, 233-34.
Anatomy of a Crusade, 1213-1221 by James M. Powell