By Kaushik Basu, Ravi Kanbur
Amartya Sen has made deep and lasting contributions to the educational disciplines of economics, philosophy, and the social sciences extra generally. He has engaged in coverage discussion and public debate, advancing the reason for a human improvement targeted coverage schedule, and a tolerant and democratic polity. This argumentative Indian has made the case for the poorest of the terrible, and for plurality in cultural point of view. it isn't astonishing that he has received the top awards, starting from the Nobel Prize in Economics to the Bharat Ratna, India's maximum civilian honor. This public reputation has long past hand in hand with the love and admiration that Amartya's neighbors and scholars carry for him. This quantity of essays, written in honor of his seventy fifth birthday by means of his scholars and friends, covers the diversity of contributions that Sen has made to wisdom. they're written via a few of the world's prime economists, philosophers and social scientists, and handle issues equivalent to ethics, welfare economics, poverty, gender, human improvement, society and politics. the second one quantity covers the subjects of Human improvement and functions; Gender and family; progress, Poverty and coverage; and Society, Politics and historical past. it's a becoming tribute to Sen's personal contributions to the discourse on Society, associations and Development.Contributors comprise: Bina Agarwal, Isher Ahluwalia, Montek S Ahluwalia, Ingela Alger, Muhammad Asali, Amiya Kumar Bagchi, Pranab Bardhan, Lourdes Bener?a, Sugata Bose, Lincoln C. Chen, Martha adjust Chen, Kanchan Chopra, Simon Dietz, Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Jonathan Glover, Cameron Hepburn, Jane Humphries, Rizwanul Islam, Ayesha Jalal, Mary Kaldor, Sunil Khilnani, Stephan Klasen, Jocelyn Kynch, Enrica Chiappero Martinetti, Kirsty McNay, Martha C. Nussbaum, Elinor Ostrom, Gustav Ranis, Sanjay G. Reddy, Emma Samman, Rehman Sobhan, Robert M. Solow, Nicholas Stern, Frances Stewart, Ashutosh Varshney, Sujata Visaria, and J?rgen W. Weibull.
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Additional resources for Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement
How can one judge the goodness of a social arrangement, or of public policies, rules and institutions, or norms and conventions that aﬀect the lives of the people? A large part of Amartya Sen’s writings—spanning the three disciplines of development economics, social choice theory and moral philosophy—is concerned with seeking answers to these foundational questions. Answers to these questions are of interest not only in themselves but also as guides to enlightened actions by individuals as well as societies as a whole; and Sen’s writings have been inspired by both these motivations.
Sen calls this the “culmination outcome” and contrasts it with the notion of “comprehensive outcome”, which would also specify the process through which x happened (Sen 1997). By using this concept, it is possible to evaluate the following two cases diﬀerently—(1) the peasant lost his land because the landlord evicted him, and (2) the peasant lost his land through river erosion. Thus, by deﬁning the state of aﬀairs in terms of comprehensive outcomes instead of culmination outcomes, it becomes possible not only to incorporate negative freedom—and more generally, deontological considerations— but also to attach an additional weight to it in the consequential evaluation of freedom.
To him, it is unacceptable to treat negative freedom as 8 This distinction has been explored most systematically by Berlin (1969). Sen’s own interpretation of the distinction is slightly diﬀerent, however, from that of Berlin. In particular, his deﬁnition of negative freedom is narrower and that of positive freedom is broader than Berlin’s. On these diﬀerences, see the discussion in Sen (1993a) and Sen (2002b). 26 s. r. osmani the sole object of moral signiﬁcance even when non-violation of negative freedoms goes hand in hand with terrible consequences for human lives.
Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement by Kaushik Basu, Ravi Kanbur