By Robert A. Samson
Organic pesticides are competing an increasing number of with conventional chemical insecticides. A winning program of normal pathogens calls for a greater knowing of either fungal and bug ecology and body structure. This Atlas offers a entire evaluation of those fields and contains the taxonomy of these species of fungi that are confirmed pathogens. Biotechnological equipment for the genetic amendment of those normal pathogens leading to extra optimization and some great benefits of organic regulate are mentioned.
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Extra info for Atlas of Entomopathogenic Fungi
PLA TE IS. A On A c 34 Entomophaga grylli A On grasshoppers, B spore formation with nuclei stained with acctoorcein ( x 400), c resting spore ( x 1000), D primary spore ( x 1200), E secondary spore (x 1200). PLA TE 16. B A c E D 35 Entomophaga tenthredinis AOn larva of sawfly, B primary spore (x 500), c secondary spore formation ( x 500), D staining with aceto-orcein of the nuclei of the primary spores ( x 900), E resting spores ( x 600). PLATE 17. B A --------------------------------------------------~ D PLA TE 18.
Conidiobolus coronatus A On beetle larvae, B primary spore ( x IIOO), C secondary spore (x IIOO), D villose spores (x 750), E microconidia (x 400). B A D ~======~======~~ c E 30 Conidiobolus major A On dipteran insect, B on host showing rhizoids, c primary spore (x 700), D secondary spore formation (x 700), E resting spores PLA TE 12. (x 500). ~ ____ ~ E 31 Conidiobolus obscurus A On aphid, B primary spore formation on the host, c primary spore ( x 1000), D secondary spore ( x 1000), E multigerm tubes ( x 600), F resting spore (x 700).
I. :LJ F 47 Erynia rhizosporaJ E. plecopteri A-C E. plecopteri, D on stone fly, E aerial PLA TE 29. primary spores ( x 800), F aquatic coronate primary spore ( x 1500). A D ~ B ----~--~~---- C E ________________________ F Erynia virescens A On larva of Agrotis segetum (Noctuidae), B primary spores, c nu- PLA TE 30. clear staining of primary spores, D-E resting spores (all x 500). A c D 49 31. fumosa, O-E capillispore formation PLA TE A On showing the curved capillisporophore (E-F) and the adhesive tip of the capillispore (0), G secondary capillispore formation (all x 800).
Atlas of Entomopathogenic Fungi by Robert A. Samson