By David Hollins
To aid her usual troops, Austria made broad use of auxiliary forces in the course of the progressive and Napoleonic Wars. The Balkan Grenzers played a mixture of army Frontier safeguard, box military and light-weight roles, and have been separated into the nationwide Grenz regiments in 1798. French Г©migrГ©s, Belgian and varnish volunteers, German JГ¤ger and Balkan refugees shaped volunteer devices within the 1790s, that have been quite often regularised into gentle Battalions (1798-1801).The armed forces garrison troops of 1800 have been constructed into the conscript Landwehr of 1808, even if volunteers (Freiwillige) joined the sphere military in 1809. Hungary and Croatia supplied conventional rebel militias that fought at Raab in 1809. This name examines the various histories, supplier and vibrant uniforms of those multi-national troops.
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Additional info for Austrian Auxiliary Troops 1792-1816
This unanimity with regard to future aims is perhaps the basic cause of the rapid recovery, and even strengthening of its former influence, by the specifically Prussian caste of military officers and Junkers. It is this caste 43 THE RUSSIAN FACE OF GERMANY which coined the slogan for the guidance of German national policy: "Down with the Treaty of Versailles", to which in due course the whole German nation submitted. It submitted all the more readily, persuaded as to the righteousness and justice of such a demand, because for three generations all public education in Germany from the elementary schools to the Universities was impregnated with the Prussian spirit, while for a hundred years the most active part of the German educated classes imbued the soul of the German nation with the Hohenzollern legends.
I give here the opening and concluding paragraphs: "The reports," wrote M. Gauvain, "from the Baltic countries are confused and contradictory. Nevertheless, certain definite facts can be gleaned from them:— In the first place the German military leaders took advantage of the weakness of the Conference—which had authorised their continued occupation of Esthonia and Latvia after the Armistice of November 18th—to take root in these countries even against the orders of their Governments. In the second instance there is the obvious desire of the former PanGermanists to keep the means of action in those regions which they have always considered as a German fief.
The Germans may pretend that in their plottings with Soviet Russia immediately after the Armistice they had no hostile intentions towards Western Europe. Nevertheless, the whole attitude of the Press during this period, so critical for Poland, proves that if they 40 THE TRIUMPH OF THE "EASTERN" SCHOOL cherished the illusive hope that after the military defeat of Poland Bolshevism would stop on the German frontiers, they also had great expectations that the Soviet armies victorious on the Vistula would march to the Rhine under the command of German generals.
Austrian Auxiliary Troops 1792-1816 by David Hollins